You manage your company’s Cisco devices by using Telnet. Your supervisor is concerned about eavesdropping over inband device management and has asked you to recommend a solution that would allow you to disable the Telnet servers on each device.
Which of the following are you most likely to recommend as a replacement? (Select the best answer.)
Most likely, you will recommend Secure Shell (SSH) as a replacement for Telnet as a method of inband management on your company’s Cisco devices. SSH is a virtual terminal (VTY) protocol that can be used to securely replace Telnet. Telnet is considered to be an insecure method of remote connection because it sends credentials over the network in clear text. Therefore, you should replace Telnet with an encrypted application, such as SSH, where possible. Encryption is a method of encoding network traffic so that it cannot be read intransit. Thus encryption can be used to defeat eavesdropping attacks.
You are not likely to recommend any version of Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) as a replacement for Telnet. However, if your company were using SNMP version 1 (SNMPv1) or SNMPv2 as a means of inband management, you might recommend that your company use SNMPv3 instead. Three versions of SNMP currently exist. SNMPv1 and SNMPv2 do not provide encryption? password information, known as community strings, is sent as plain text with messages. SNMPv3 improves upon SNMPv1 and SNMPv2 by providing encryption, authentication, and message integrity to ensure that the messages are not tampered with during transmission.
You are not likely to recommend either Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) or Secure Copy (SCP) as a replacement for Telnet. However, either of those applications could replace File Transfer Protocol (FTP), which is a protocol that is used to exchange files between devices. FTP transmits all data as clear text. Both SFTP and SCP transmit information in an encrypted format.