Which of the following are Type 2 hypervisors? (Choose three.)
- VMware Workstation
- VMware ESXi
- Microsoft Hyper-V
- VMWare Fusion
- Oracle VirtualBox
Of the available options, VMware Fusion, VMware Workstation, and Oracle VirtualBox are all Type 2 hypervisors. A hypervisor is software that is capable of virtualizing the physical components of computer hardware. Virtualization enables the creation of multiple virtual machines (VMs) that can be configured and run in separate instances on the same hardware. In this way, virtualization is capable of reducing an organization’s expenses on hardware purchases.
Type 2 hypervisors are applications that are installed on host operating systems (OSs), such as Microsoft Windows, Mac OS, or Linux. These applications, which are also called hosted hypervisors, use calls to the host OS to translate between guest OSs in VMs and the server hardware. Because they are installed similar to other applications on the host OS, Type 2 hypervisors are typically easier to deploy and maintain than Type 1 hypervisors.
Microsoft Hyper-V and VMware ESXi are both Type 1 hypervisors. A Type 1 hypervisor is a hypervisor that is installed on a bare metal server, meaning that the hypervisor is also its own OS. Unlike a Type 1 hypervisor, a Type 2 hypervisor cannot be installed on a bare metal server. Because of their proximity to the physical hardware, Type 1 hypervisors typically perform better than Type 2 hypervisors.